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| Last Updated:: 30/05/2014

Demography & Land Distribution

Demography and land distribution


Nagaland is called so, because the people residing there are called Nagas. Its population is widely diverse, and has 16 tribes living in the state. The mostly Christian population of Nagaland draws its culture from many other neighboring regions. The state of Nagaland is one of the least populated states of India, and ranks 25th population wise, owing to its population of less than 20 lacs. The population of Nagaland is spread over an area of over 15000 kilometer square, with a population density of just over 100 in one kilometer square of area, as shown by the Nagaland census 2011. What really sets the state apart from others in India is the growth rate of population in Nagaland. Where, many other states have fallen prey to the population explosion, Nagaland has not only reduced the previous growth rate of above 60%, but it has also brought it to less than zero. This negative growth rate has greatly helped control the population in Nagaland. The growth rate is still above 60 in the urban areas, and far too less in the rural areas. 

The gender ratio in Nagaland's population however is the least as compared to other north-eastern states. The sex ratio is greater in the rural population as compared to urban. Literacy in Nagaland has undergone an extremely positive improvement in the last decade. From the initial literacy of only 60%, it has risen to about 80% according to census 2011. Urban population is less as compared to the rural. The state has only one airport in its biggest city, Dimapur. The state capital of Nagaland is Kohima. It is one of the few states in India to have English as its official language. Due to the variation in its culture, about 20 languages are spoken in the state, Nagamese being the widely used one. 






Nagaland Population 2011

As per details from Census 2011, Nagaland has population of 19.79 Lakhs, an decrease from figure of 19.90 Lakh in 2001 census. Total population of Nagaland as per 2011 census is 1,978,502 of which male and female are 1,024,649 and 953,853 respectively. In 2001, total population was 1,990,036 in which males were 1,047,141 while females were 942,895. 

Nagaland Population Growth Rate

The total population growth in this decade was -0.58 percent while in previous decade it was 64.41 percent. The population of Nagaland forms 0.16 percent of India in 2011. In 2001, the figure was 0.19 percent. 

Nagaland Literacy Rate 2011

Literacy rate in Nagaland has seen upward trend and is 79.55 percent as per 2011 population census. Of that, male literacy stands at 82.75 percent while female literacy is at 70.01 percent. In 2001, literacy rate in Nagaland stood at 66.59 percent of which male and female were 76.04 percent and 56.87 percent literate respectively. 

In actual numbers, total literates in Nagaland stands at 1,342,434 of which males were 723,957 and females were 618,477. 

Nagaland Density 2011

Total area of Nagaland is 16,579 sq. km. Density of Nagaland is 119 per sq km which is lower than national average 382 per sq km. In 2001, density of Nagaland was 120 per sq km, while nation average in 2001 was 324 per sq km. 




Nagaland Sex Ratio

Sex Ratio in Nagaland is 931 i.e. for each 1000 male, which is below national average of 940 as per census 2011. In 2001, the sex ratio of female was 909 per 1000 males in Nagaland. 



Description 2011 2001
Approximate Population 19.79 Lakhs 19.90 Lakh
Actual Population 1,978,502 1,990,036
Male 1,024,649 1,047,141
Female 953,853 942,895
Population Growth -0.58% 64.41%
Percantage of total Population 0.16% 0.19%
Sex Ratio 931 909
Child Sex Ratio 943 926
Density/km2 119 120
Density/mi2 309 311
Area km2 16,579 16,579
Area mi2 6,401 6,401
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 291,071 289,678
Male Population (0-6 Age) 149,785 147,524
Female Population (0-6 Age) 141,286 142,154
Literacy 79.55 % 66.59 %
Male Literacy 82.75 % 76.04 %
Female Literacy 70.01 % 56.87 %
Total Literate 1,342,434 1,132,323
Male Literate 723,957 640,201
Female Literate 618,477 492,122





Nagaland Urban Population 2011

Out of total population of Nagaland, 28.86% people live in urban regions. The total figure of population living in urban areas is 570,966 of which 299,177 are males and while remaining 271,789 are females. The urban population in the last 10 years has increased by 28.86 percent. 

Sex Ratio in urban regions of Nagaland was 908 females per 1000 males. For child (0-6) sex ratio the figure for urban region stood at 973 girls per 1000 boys. Total children (0-6 age) living in urban areas of Nagaland were 73,589. Of total population in urban region, 12.89 % were children (0-6). 

Average Literacy rate in Nagaland for Urban regions was 89.62 percent in which males were 91.62% literate while female literacy stood at 78.30%. Total literates in urban region of Nagaland were 445,771. 

Nagaland Rural Population 2011

Of the total population of Nagaland state, around 71.14 percent live in the villages of rural areas. In actual numbers, males and females were 725,472 and 682,064 respectively. Total population of rural areas of Nagaland state was 1,407,536. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 71.14%. 

In rural regions of Nagaland state, female sex ratio per 1000 males was 940 while same for the child (0-6 age) was 933 girls per 1000 boys. In Nagaland, 217,482 children (0-6) live in rural areas. Child population forms 15.45 percent of total rural population. 

In rural areas of Nagaland, literacy rate for males and female stood at 78.96 % and 66.50 %. Average literacy rate in Nagaland for rural areas was 75.35 percent. Total literates in rural areas were 896,663. 


Description Rural Urban
Population (%) 71.14 % 28.86 %
Total Population 1,407,536 570,966
Male Population 725,472 299,177
Female Population 682,064 271,789
Population Growth -14.55 % 66.57 %
Sex Ratio 940 908
Child Sex Ratio (0-6) 933 973
Child Population (0-6) 217,482 73,589
Child Percentage (0-6) 15.45 % 12.89 %
Literates 896,663 445,771
Average Literacy 75.35 % 89.62 %
Male Literacy 78.96 % 91.62 %
Female Literacy 66.50 % 78.30 %


Nagaland Census 2011 Conclusion

The official census 2011 of Nagaland has been conducted by Directorate of Census Operations in Nagaland. Enumeration of key persons including Chief Minister of Nagaland was also done by officials conducting population census.