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| Last Updated:: 12/08/2015

Forest Resource

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

       Forest resource has been playing an integral role in the lives of Naga people since distant past. Although Nagaland forest constitutes only 1.70% of total India's forest, it is among the few proud states in India where virgin forest can still be found. It harbours very rich and unique biodiversity with the state being a part of the Indo -Burma biodiversity hot spot.

       Unfortunately, according to Forest Survey of India report-2013, Nagaland has been ranked first with respect to highest decrease of forest cover in India. This calls for an urgent actions to prevent further degradation of forest resource and to inculcate sustainable life style among the people.

       According to the report , the main reason for decrease in forest cover in the state is biotic pressure, particularly the shortening of shifting cultivation cycle.

     FOREST DEPARTMENT
       With the creation of the State from Assam in December 1963, the State Forest Department inherited little of the Government owned forests which existed at that time and was earlier being managed by the Assam Forest Department.

       Currently the Department is headed by the Principal Chief Conservator of Forest who is also designated as the Head of Forest Force and is an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service (IFS). The Principal Chief Conservator of Forest is assisted by three (3) Additonal Principal Chief Conservator of Forest (Addl.PCCF) designated as Addl.PCCF ( Wildlife & Biodiversity, Administration), PCCF ( Environment and Climate Change), PCCF (Territorial), Addl. PCCF (Development and Planning) and Addl. PCCF ( Chief Wildlife Warden).

 

 

 

 


 

FOREST CLASSIFICATION

 

      Nagaland has several types of forests, mainly because the state is mostly tropical, and the altitudes range from a few hundred meters to about four thousand meters. The major types of forests found in the state, as per the classification of Champion & Seth, are as follows.

  • Northern Tropical Wet Evergreen Forest

          These forests once covered the Namsa-Tizit area but now only a small vistge is found in th Zankam area. It is found only in Mon District. The dominanat species in this type of forest are Hollong ( Dipterocarpus macrocarpus), Makai (Shorea assamica), Nahor (Mesua ferrea) etc.

  • Northern Tropical Semi Evergreen Forest

          These types of forests are found in the foothills of Assam-Nagaland border in Mokokchung, Wokha and Kohima Districts. The species that make up this forest are similar to those of the Northern Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests. The only difference is that in the former case the evergreen species dominate though there are deciduous species like Bhelu (Tetrameles nudiflora), Paroli (Stereospermum chelonoides), Jutuli (Altingia excels) etc, whereas in the present case, the number of evergreen species decreases and the deciduous species are more in number.

  • Northern Sub-Tropical Broad Leave Wet Hill Forests

          These types of forests are found in the hill areas below 1800m and above 500m in all the districts of Nagaland. The wet evergreen species are conspicuous by their absence and the dominant species are mostly semi-deciduous. Some of the important timber species in this type are Koroi, Pomas, Sopas, Gamari, Hollock, Sam, Am, Badam, Betula etc.

  • Northern Sub-Tropical Pine Forest

          These types of forests are found in hills with evalution of 1000m to 1500m in parts of Phek and Tuensang Districts of Nagaland. Pine is the dominant species, and is found mixed with Quercus, Schima, Prunus, Betula and Rhododendron.

  • Northern Montana Wet Temperate Forests

          These types of forests are found on the higher reaches of the tallest mountains ( above 2500m) like Saramati and Dzükou area. The species that dominate are Rhododendron, Oaks, Birch and Juniperus sp.

  • Alpine Forests

          Alpine vegetation is found at high altitudes in ridges of Saramati range, which remains covered with snow for major part of the year from October to April. After melting of the snow during the brief summer a few annuals, herbs and shrubs along with mosses can be seen growing there. Species of Rhododendron, Abies, and Juniperus are found in sub alpine vegetation gradually merges into alpine vegetation which comprises of high altitude grasses and dwarf Rhododendrons. Many members of Primulaceae, Saxifragaceae, and Polygonaceae families are also found.

  


ACTS & RULE GOVERNING FOREST RESOURCE OF NAGALAND

 

Name/Title of Document

Type of Document

Brief write up on the document

Where to get the document

Nagaland Forest Act,1968 Act Management of Govt. Forests PCCF office
The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (as amended in 2003) Act Protection to wildlife in endangered list PCCF office
Nagaland Jhumland Act, 1970 ActAct To bring the jhumland under the ambit of Forest Department
as far as movement of forest produce emanating from the jhumland
PCCF office
Biodiversity Act, 2002 Act Access to biological re-sources and information PCCF office
Nagaland Tree Felling Regulation Rules, 2002 Rules Rules to regulate tree felling form Non-forest areas PCCF office
Forest Development Agency Guidelines Guidelines for afforestation by FDA & JFM Agencies CF(STC/ NTC)
Joint Forest Management Guidelines Guidelines for afforestation by the JFMCs PCCF/ Addl. PCCF(Dev & Plg)/ CF (STC/ NTC)

 

 


 

CURRENT REPORT ON FOREST RESOURCE IN NAGALAND:

 

FOREST COVER MAP OF NAGALAND:

 


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FOREST COVER OF NAGALAND-pie chart

 


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District Geo graphical area ( In Sq.Km) 2013 Assessment(Area In Sq.Km) Percent of GA change Scurb
Very dense forest Mod, Dense forest Open forest total
Dimapur 758 0 75 352 427 56.33 35 0
Kohima 3,283 289 1,136 1,472 2,897 88.24 -26 0
Mokokchung 1,615 6 519 835 1,360 84.21 11 0
Mon 1,786 32 451 720 1,203 67.36 -36 1
Phek 2,026 276 652 764 1,692 83.51 -75 0
Tuensang 4,228 609 1,027 1,490 3,126 73.94 -106 1
Wokha 1,628 1 491 862 1,354 83.17 -24 0
Zunheboto 1,255 85 385 515 985 78.49 -53 0
Grand Total 16,579 1,298 4,736 7,010 13,044 78.68 -274 2

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RECORDED FOREST AREA
Recorded Forest Area
Reserved Forest 86 sq km
Protected Forest 508 sq km
Unclassed Forest 8,628 sq km
Total 9,222 sq km
Of State's Geographical Area 55.62%
Of India's Forest Area 1.19%


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CHANGE IN FOREST COVER OF NAGALAND: 2011-2013

 


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REFERENCES


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