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| Last Updated:: 04/04/2013

Irrigated Areas

 Irrigated Areas

Nagaland is basically an agricultural state, and all the resources depend
upon the agricultural output. Water is evidently the most vital element in the plant
life and is normally supplied to the plants by natural rain. However, the total rainfall
in a particular area may be either inadequate or is ill-timed. Therefore in order to
get the maximum yield from a crop, it is essential to supply optimum quantity of
water to the crop and to maintain correct timings of water. This is possible only
through a systematic irrigation system by collecting water during rainfall and from
natural sources and to release it to the crops as and when it is needed.
In Nagaland, State Government has made considerable investment in
irrigation. There is no major or medium irrigation project so far constructed in the
State. However, the State is in the process of taking up some medium irrigation
projects also. The department of Irrigation and Flood Control in the state has
undertaken the Minor Irrigation schemes which are most vital and very suitable for
the state. The total area in the state under irrigation is 61,152.39 hectares. The
irrigation works are mostly meant to divert small hill streamlets to irrigate valleys
used for rice cultivation. Most of the villages are scattered and perched on the hilltop
and the cultivators traditionally cultivate the hill slopes either by making terraces
or by jhumming. Irrigation is provided only in terraced fields wherever the facilities
exist to bring water from the sources by gravity system through M.I. Channels. Due
to non-availability of well organized irrigation system, a vast area of land both under
forest and jhumlands, which if brought under permanent irrigation, the food grain
production in the state could be raised enormously.
 
Irrigation Status