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| Last Updated:: 14/02/2016

Natural Resources




The important natural resources of the state of Nagaland are in the form of its rivers, forests and its mineral resources.


Some of the major rivers flowing through Nagaland are Doyang, Dikhu, Dhansiri, Tizu, Tsurong, Nanung, Tsurang or Disai, Chathe, Tsumok, Menung, Dzu, Langlong, Zunki, Likimro, Lanye, Dzuza,Tepuiki and Manglu.


Nagaland is endowed with rich forest resources including various types of flora and fauna. About 20% of the total geographical area is under the cover of tropical and sub-tropical evergreen forests - including palms, bamboo and rattan as well as timber and mahogany forests. Recently some forest areas have been cleared for the purpose of Jhum cultivation. The forests of Nagaland also give shelter to a number of species of animals including elephants, bears, many species of monkeys, sambar, deers, oxen and buffaloes.


Coal, limestone, nickel, cobalt, chromium, magnetite, copper, zinc, platinum, petroleum and natural gas are the major minerals available in Nagaland.


The State has huge caches of unutilized and unexploited limestone, marble, granite, petroleum and natural gas. Coal is found in Nazira, Borjan and Tiru valley of Mon district. Limestone of grey to whitish grey colour is found at Wazeho and Satuza in Phek district and at Nimi belt in Tuensang district.


Ores of nickeliferrous chromite-magnetite occur in the Ultra Basic Belt at Pokhpur in Tuensang district. Nagaland is yet to fully explore its huge estimated reserves of natural oil. The hydrocarbons are found in the western portion of Nagaland, where connectivity is available in the foothills.


The metallic and non-metallic minerals are located in the remote and backward eastern parts bordering Myanmar, ideal for export to the South East Asian region. If the discovered minerals are economically exploited, these would turn out to be a rich resource base and the mineral-related trade can make a huge contribution to the State economy. Unfortunately, though the potential exists, not much has been achieved so far due to funding and planning process constraints. In this connection, the proposed 'X Road' of the Government could provide good connectivity for exploiting the mineral wealth of the State and for trade and commerce both in the State and the country and with South East and East Asian countries.


Chromium bearing magnetite ultramafite, Haematite at Reguri and Chalcedony deposit at Akhen village has been recorded. Identification and preservation of geological monuments has been taken up. Studies and assessment of natural lakes such as Shilloi Lake at Lacham, Dzuda (Zanibu) pond - Phek district, Thizama pond Kohima, Tsumang pond at Wokha and Amoklushi pond at Mokokchung has also been delineated and assessed. Three geo-tourism potential sites at Yonthong, Yankhet and Tiphum with magnificent waterfalls and caves were identified.