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| Last Updated:: 13/02/2016

Rivers

INTRODUCTION

       Nagaland is dissected by a number of seasonal and perennial rivers and rivulets. The major rivers of Nagaland are Doyang, Dikhu, Dhansiri, Tizu, Tsurong, Nanung, Tsurang or Disai, Tsumok, Menung, Dzu, Langlong, Zunki, Likimro, Lanye, Dzuza and Manglu. All these rivers are dendritic in nature. Of the rivers, Dhansiri, Doyang and Dikhu flow westward into the Brahmaputra. The Tizu River, on the other hand, flows towards east and joins the Chindwin River in Burma.


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DOYANG

      Doyang river originates from the Japfü Hill near the Southern slope of Mao in Manipur and moves in a south west direction passing through Kohima district and flows northward into Zunheboto and Wokha District. It passes through a great part of Wokha District and flows south westerly into Dhansiri in Sibsagar, District of Assam. The lenght of the river is 167 (From Gariphema/Ghathashi area to Liphi)The main tributaries of Doyang are Chubi River which flows southward from Mokokchung District and Nzhu River, originating from Nerhema area of Kohima district and flows through Miphong in Tseminyu area and finally pours itself to Doyang.


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DIKHU

Image courtesy:Dr. Sao Tunyi

       River Dikhu, which has a total length of about 171 km (from Phuye/Surumi area to Naginimora), originates from Nuroto Hill area in Zunheboto district. The river traverses towards north along the border of Mokokchung and Tuensang districts. The main tributaries of river Dikhu are Yangyu of Tuensang district and Nanung in the Langpangkong range in Mokokchung district. The river flows further northward and leaves the hill near Naginimora and finally merges with the Brahmaputra River in the plains of Assam.


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DHANSIRI

Image courtesy:www.merinews.com

       Dhansiri flows through the southwestern part of the state through Rangapahar-Dimapur Plains of Dimapur District,with a total lenght of 241km(from New Ngaolong area to Nuiland area). This river receives almost all the western and southern drainages of Nagaland. Its main tributaries are river Dzuza and Diphu. At the extreme southwest of the state, it assumes a northwardly course forming a natural boundary with North Cachar Hills of Assam which finally drains into the Brahmaputra.


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TIZU

Image courtesy:Dr. Sao Tunyi

       The Tizu River forms an important drainage system in the eastern part of the state with a total lenght of 203km(from Helipong rear to Avankhu area). It originates from the central part of the state and runs through northeast direction flowing through Zunheboto, Phek district and empties itself in the Chindwin River of Myanmar. The main tributaries of river Tizu are river Zunki, Lanye and Likimro.


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MILAK

Image courtesy:Inukshi

      Milak is another important river which flows through Mokokchung district. One of its main tributary is Tsurong. The lenght of this river is around 67km (from Aliba/Mopungchuket area to Tzidikong area)


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ZUNGKI

Image courtesy:Dr. Sao Tunyi

       The Zunki River, which is the biggest tributary of Tizu, starts from the northeastern part of Changdong forest in the south of Teku and flows in southernly direction towards Noklak, Shamator and Kiphire and finally joins Tizu below Kiphire. Its total lenght measures about 80km (from Chingmei/Noklak area to Tizu confluence area).


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source: Nagaland GIS and Remote Sensing Centre, Planning and Coordination Department, Government of Nagaland.


REFERENCES

    • WIKIPEDIA
    • Nagaland GIS and Remote Sensing Centre, Planning and Coordination Department, Government of Nagaland


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