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| Last Updated:: 30/05/2014

About Nagaland




Nagaland, the 16th State of the Indian Union, came into being on 1st. December, 1963. Nagaland with a geographical area of about 16,579 Sq. Km. lies between 25°60‟ and 27°40‟ North latitude and 93°20‟ and 95°15‟ East longitude. The state is bounded by Assam in the North and West, by Myanmar and Arunachal Pradesh in the East and by Manipur in the South. Nagaland, being one of the “eight Sisters” commonly called as the North-Eastern region including Sikkim*, is a land of lush green forests, rolling mountains, enchanting valleys, swift flowing streams and of beautiful landscape. The inhabitants of Nagaland are almost entirely tribal with distinctive dialects and cultural features. The state is predominantly rural with 82.26% of population living in villages.

The state comprises of 11 administrative headquarters with 52 blocks and 1278 inhabited villages. Each district has generally predominance/concentration of one of the major/minor tribe of the state, thereby making districts distinct in their linguistic, cultural, traditional and socio-political characteristics.

The topography of Nagaland is much dissected, full of hill ranges, which break into a wide chaos of spurs and ridges. The terrain is mountainous covered by rich and varied biodiversity of flora and fauna. It is one of the 25 hot spots of the world with respect to its biological diversity, and hence can be termed as the state of true Mega bio-diversity. The state houses the confluence of flora and fauna of the neighboring regions. Geographically, the state largely has vast undulating terrain and hilly landscape and some low lying areas giving rise to a very conducive climate with presence of perennial water and moisture for truly rich variety of flora and fauna. The state also has abundant resources of mineral wealth in the form of vast deposits of Oil, Coal, Peat, Limestone, Iron ores and various other minerals. The potential of this state in terms of the sheer variety of Agro and Horticultural produce including Fiber, Tea, Coffee, Pineapple, Orange etc. is also immense.

In spite of this inherent potential, the state has not developed. The current practice of agriculture is largely unsustainable owing to the traditional Jhum (Shifting cultivation) cycle mode of operation. Though some dynamic initiatives (e.g., by various Govt. Depts. NGOs etc.) are in action to mitigate the detrimental effects of Jhum, a lot still needs to be done on various fronts including efforts on checking deforestation, control of wild fire, conservation of biodiversity, proper water harvesting, use of non-conventional energy sources etc. The state also lacks infrastructure development in terms of networking with the rest of the country, lack of proper communication in terms of roads and information technology.