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| Last Updated:: 03/04/2013

Natural Resources


The important natural resources of the state of Nagaland are in the form of its rivers, forests and its mineral resources. Find below the list of important natural resources in the state of Nagaland.  


There are four main rivers flowing through Nagaland, these are Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu and Jhanji. Some of the tributaries of the mighty Brahmaputra also flow through this state before finally merging. The four main rivers of Nagaland are:

Dhansiri River

The Dhansiri River which is one of the major tributaries of the mighty Brahmaputra flows through Nagaland. This river originates in the Laisang peak of Nagaland and flows through a distance of 352 kms from south to north before joining the Brahmaputra on the south bank. While flowing as the boundary between Assam and Nagaland, it flanks large areas of wilderness rich in flora and fauna along its course. The districts of Nagaland receive water from the Dhansiri River.

Doyang River

This is another important river of Nagaland. It is the biggest and longest river and runs along the southern boundary of the state. It is called as ‘Dzu’ or ‘Dzulu’ by the local Angami people. This river first flows north and then slightly turns towards east when it is joined by the Saju, a tributary. The river then enters Zunheboto districtand forms a boundary line between Sema and Lotha areas further course. In the west of Litami, it takes a westward bend to emerge in the western Lotha area of the Wokha district before proceeding to the southern border of the district. Then it suddenly turns in the westward and leaves the hilly region to finally merge with the Dhansiri River in the Assam valley. This river has three main tributaries namely Tsui, Tullo and Tishi. The river is not only important for the Wokha district but also for Nagaland as a whole.

Dikhu River

It is an important river of Nagaland and is another tributary of the Brahmaputra River.

Jhanji River 

The Jhanji River is also an important river flowing through Nagaland.


Nagaland is endowed with rich forest resources including various types of flora and fauna. About 20% of the total geographical area is under the cover of tropical and sub-tropical evergreen forests - including palms, bamboo and rattan as well as timber and mahogany forests. Recently some forest areas have been cleared for the purpose of Jhum cultivation. The forests of Nagaland also give shelter to a number of species of animals including elephants, leopards, and bears, many species of monkeys, sambar, deers, oxen and buffaloes. The great Indian Hornbill is one of the most famous birds found in the state.



Nagaland is rich in mineral resources including coal, limestone, iron, nickel, cobalt, chromium, and marble. But theses are yet to be explored.

The approximate reserve of Lime Stone is 1000 million tonnes and substantial reserves of Marble & DecorativeStone, Petroleum & Natural Gas, Nickle, Cobalt and Chromiun are available in Nagaland.