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| Last Updated:01/06/2017

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12,966 sq km total forest cover in Nagaland state

Forest cover in Nagaland

The total forest cover in the state of Nagaland as of 2015 is around 12, 966 sq km, accounting for 78.20 per cent of the total geographical area of the state. As per the Indian State of Forest Report 2015, this constitutes 52 per cent of the total area reported for different land utilization in the state.


The forest cover of Nagaland has been classified on the basis of the canopy density into pre-defined class viz: Very Dense Forest (VDF), Moderately Dense Forest (MDF) and Open Forest (OF).


The tree cover of the state is estimated to be 381 sq km, which is 2.29 per cent of the geographical area.The report stated that the recorded forest of Nagaland is classified into Reserve Forest, Protected Forest and Un-classed Forest.


As per records available, recorded forest in the state covers 55.62 per cent of state’s geographical area. Out of the total recorded forest area of 9222 sq km, reserve forest in the state constitutes 0.93 per cent, protected forests 5.51 per cent and un-classed forest constitutes 93.56 per cent.


Nagaland has one National Park and three Wildlife Sanctuaries covering 222 sq km, which constitutes 1.34 per cent of state’s geographical area.


Area- wise, Tuensang district (including Longleng and Kiphire) has the largest forest cover (4, 228 sq km) in the state followed by Kohima district (including Peren) (3,283 sq km) and Phek district (2,026 sq km). In terms of percentage of forest coverage, Kohima district (including Peren) recorded the highest coverage with 87.21 per cent and the lowest was Dimapur district (54.22 per cent) during 2015.


Meanwhile, the Nagaland Economic Survey 2015-16 brought out by the States’ Economics & Statistics Department has cautioned over the adverse effects suffered by the forests of the state.


“Unfortunately, over the years, degradation of forest and natural resources have been issues of concern primarily caused by unsustainable development practices, increase in population, migration, urbanization and increased used of forest products for economic activities,” the survey said.